Chapter Overview

The emergence of rock in the 1960s pushes jazz to the margins and makes it inevitable that some musicians will try to win a place for themselves in this huge new market. There are obstacles (electric amplification, new dance grooves, the presence of singers, the dominance of guitars), but by focusing on soul music, a new so-called fusion of jazz and rock takes its place on stage and in recordings. This chapter examines early fusion, leading up to Miles Davis's Bitches Brew, and considers the 1970s bands led by his former sidemen (Herbie Hancock, Chick Corea, John McLaughlin, Joe Zawinul, Wayne Shorter) as well as youthful rock-era figures such as Pat Metheny and Jaco Pastorious. The music of the ECM label and the unusual "fusion" of people like Keith Jarrett and Oregon are also studied. The chapter further investigates the appearance of "smooth jazz" in the 1980s and explains the surprising success of Kenny G. In the 1990s, jazz and hip-hop come to share a fusion, as do jazz and rave music, sometimes known as "acid jazz." Finally, the contemporary scene is surveyed, enlivened by new groups that take their roots in the organ trios of the 1950s and 1960s.

Chapter 17 Jukebox