Chapter Overview

With bebop, jazz shifted to the paradigm still in place today: a subcultural art music played primarily by small combos in a jam-session format, favoring solo improvisation and aimed at a specialized market of aficionados. This chapter explores the racial landscape that helped create bebop, as well as the forces that pull musicians out of swing bands and into smallgroup settings in New York. The musical elements of bebop take shape in the early 1940s in places like Minton's Playhouse with the musical contributions of its main figures Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, and Thelonious Monk. The creation of a new generation of bebop musicians (Max Roach, Bud Powell) is examined, and bebop is situated within the broader picture of American music, showing not only how its jam-session format leads to later jazz, but also the implications of its separation from popular song and forthcoming new types of popular music (early rhythm and blues and rock and roll).

Chapter 11 Jukebox