Chapter Overview

This chapter gives an overview of the musical contributions of prominent individual musicians of the Swing Era. It introduces tenor saxophonist Coleman Hawkins, who, anticipating the harmonic complexity of bebop, served as a paradigm for many other fine soloists (Roy Eldridge, Benny Carter, Chu Berry) during this era, and his stylistic counterpart, Lester Young, whose timbral and rhythmic innovations foreshadowed the idiosyncratic personal side of modern jazz. Focusing on guitarist Django Reinhardt, jazz in Europe is explored, as are the very different careers of two crucial singers, Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald.

Chapter 9 Jukebox