While the usual claim for New Orleans as the unique "birthplace"
of jazz may be somewhat exaggerated, its distinctive
cultural climate provides a microcosm for the social forces
that created jazz-in particular, tensions within the nominally
black community between "Creoles of Color" and lower-class
black populations as well as interactions between these musicians
and "white" musicians of many ethnic backgrounds.
The nascent New Orleans jazz style is exemplified by the music
of cornetist Buddy Bolden, whose work was never recorded.
This was a music that simultaneously privileged oral musical
techniques of lower-class origin while adapting them to
the new demands of professional dance music-a development
that set the direction of jazz for decades to come. The chapter
outlines the basic elements of New Orleans style, discusses
the Great Migration and its importance to the development of
jazz, and looks in detail at the music of the Original Dixieland
Jazz Band, Jelly Roll Morton, Joe "King" Oliver, and