Chapter Overview

While the usual claim for New Orleans as the unique "birthplace" of jazz may be somewhat exaggerated, its distinctive cultural climate provides a microcosm for the social forces that created jazz-in particular, tensions within the nominally black community between "Creoles of Color" and lower-class black populations as well as interactions between these musicians and "white" musicians of many ethnic backgrounds. The nascent New Orleans jazz style is exemplified by the music of cornetist Buddy Bolden, whose work was never recorded. This was a music that simultaneously privileged oral musical techniques of lower-class origin while adapting them to the new demands of professional dance music-a development that set the direction of jazz for decades to come. The chapter outlines the basic elements of New Orleans style, discusses the Great Migration and its importance to the development of jazz, and looks in detail at the music of the Original Dixieland Jazz Band, Jelly Roll Morton, Joe "King" Oliver, and Sidney Bechet.

Chapter 4 Jukebox