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1 The Collision Of Cultures
2 Britain And Its Colonies
3 Colonial Ways Of Life
4 The Imperial Perspective
5 From Empire To Independence
6 The American Revolution
7 Shaping A Federal Union
8 The Federalist Era
9 The Early Republic
10 Nationalism And Sectionalism
11 The Jacksonian Impulse
12 The Dynamics Of Growth
13 An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism, And Reform
14 Manifest Destiny
15 The Old South
16 The Crisis Of Union
17 The War Of The Union
18 Reconstruction: North And South
19 New Frontiers: South And West
20 Big Business And Organized Labor
21 The Emergence Of Urban America
22 Gilded-age Politics And Agrarian Revolt
23 An American Empire
24 The Progressive Era
25 America And The Great War
26 The Modern Temper
27 Republican Resurgence And Decline
28 New Deal America
29 From Isolation To Global War
30 The Second World War
31 The Fair Deal And Containment
32 Through The Picture Window: Society And Culture, 1945–1960
33 Conflict And Deadlock: The Eisenhower Years
34 New Frontiers: Politics And Social Change In The 1960s
35 Rebellion And Reaction In The 1960s And 1970s
36 A Conservative Insurgency
37 Triumph And Tragedy: America At The Turn Of The Century

  1. Controversies over slavery in territories
    1. Conflict over Mexican War
      1. Wilmot Proviso
      2. Calhoun’s response
      3. Extend Missouri Compromise
      4. Popular sovereignty
    2. Oregon as free territory
    3. Election of 1848
      1. Democrat Lewis Cass and popular sovereignty
      2. Whig Zachary Taylor
      3. Free Soil party
      4. Taylor’s victory
    4. Question of California
      1. Gold
        1. Discovery in 1848
        2. Gold Rush
        3. Mining frontier
          1. Disorder
          2. Few women
          3. Latinos, Chinese, Indians
      2. Statehood
        1. Need for order
        2. President Taylor’s position
        3. California and New Mexico organized as free states
  2. Compromise of 1850
    1. Development of the Compromise
      1. Clay’s package of eight resolutions
      2. Calhoun’s response
      3. Webster’s plea for union
      4. Seward’s response for the abolitionists
      5. Omnibus bill proposed by Committee of Thirteen
      6. Taylor’s sudden death helps chances of compromise
      7. Fillmore supports Clay Compromise
      8. Douglas strategy of separate bills
      9. Terms of the compromise
    2. Reaction to the compromise
      1. The Fugitive Slave Law
        1. Terms of the law
        2. Northern defiance of the law
      2. Gradual impact of Uncle Tom’s Cabin
  3. Election of 1852
    1. Democrats’ choice of Pierce brings Van Burenites back into the party
    2. Whig choice of Winfield Scott alienates ethnic voters
    3. Election of Pierce fails to unify Democrats
  4. The expansion of Manifest Destiny
    1. Southern desire for Cuba
      1. Pierce’s offer of purchase
      2. Revelation of the Ostend Manifesto
    2. Diplomatic gains in Asia
      1. Opening of China to U.S. trade encourages missionaries
      2. Perry’s expedition helps open Japan to U.S. trade by 1858
  5. Kansas-Nebraska crisis
    1. Desire for a transcontinental railroad
    2. Davis’s support for southern route leads to Gadsden Purchase
    3. The Kansas-Nebraska Act
      1. Douglas proposes popular sovereignty Nebraska bill
      2. Other concessions from Douglas
      3. Douglas’s motives and the impact of the proposal
      4. Antislavery opposition
      5. Passage with support from Pierce
  6. More weakening of the cords of union
    1. Northern defiance of Fugitive Slave Law
    2. Church organizations split over slavery
    3. Disintegration of the Whig party
      1. Emergence of American (Know-Nothing) party
      2. Other splinter parties
      3. Convergence into Republican party
  7. The “battle” for Kansas
    1. Race for settlement by free-soilers and proslavery groups
    2. Establishment of a proslavery government
    3. The countergovernment in Topeka
    4. Violence in Lawrence, Pottawatomie, Ossawatomie, and elsewhere
    5. The Sumner-Butler-Brooks clash in the Senate
  8. The election of 1856
    1. Remnants of American and Whig parties nominate Fillmore
    2. Republicans oppose slavery and nominate John C. Frémont
    3. Democrats choose Buchanan and appeal to ethnic voters
    4. Buchanan elected by only remaining national party
  9. Buchanan faces three early crises as president
    1. Buchanan’s prospects as a “doughface” president
    2. The Dred Scott decision
      1. Background to the case
      2. Analysis of the court’s decision
      3. Reactions of North and South to the decision
    3. Continued conflict in Kansas
      1. Proslavery Lecompton Constitution
        1. Proslavery group adopts a constitution
        2. Buchanan supports the constitution
        3. Antislavery groups boycott the election
        4. Constitution with slavery wins
      2. Reaction of antislavery groups
        1. Acting governor convenes antislavery legislature
        2. Legislature calls for a second vote on constitution
        3. Constitution rejected
      3. Congress requires a third vote on the constitution
        1. Mechanics and basis for action
        2. Lecompton constitution again rejected
    4. Financial Panic of 1857
      1. Causes and nature of the panic
      2. Northern groups blame tariff increase
      3. Southerners gain new confidence for their system
  10. The Lincoln-Douglas debates
    1. The Senate race of 1858 in Illinois
    2. The candidates described
    3. The Freeport Doctrine of Douglas
    4. Lincoln on the ropes
    5. Douglas elected
  11. John Brown’s raid
    1. Brown’s hopes for the raid
    2. Events of the raid
    3. Brown’s trial and result
    4. Broader effects of the incident
  12. Election of 1860
    1. The Democratic party actions
      1. Convention’s first phase of maneuvering
      2. Baltimore meeting nominates Douglas
    2. Breckinridge nominated by rump Democrats
    3. Republican party actions
      1. The emergence of Lincoln as nominee
      2. Appeals of the party platform
    4. Constitutional Union party created to preserve the nation
    5. Nature of the campaign
    6. Explanation of Lincoln’s election
  13. Steps toward war
    1. Secession
      1. South Carolina leads
      2. Confederate government
      3. Basis for secession
    2. Buchanan’s actions
      1. Belief in bluff of secession
      2. Refusal to be provocative
    3. Conflicts over Fort Sumter
    4. Failure of last efforts for compromise

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