Transitions

      Transitions help readers move from thought to thought—from sentence to sentence, paragraph to paragraph. You are likely to use a number of transitions as you draft; when you're editing, you should make a point of checking transitions. Here are some common ones:

  • To show causes and effects: accordingly, as a result, because, consequently, hence, so, then, therefore, thus

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  • To show comparisons: also, in the same way, like, likewise, similarly

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  • To show contrasts or exceptions: although, but, even though, however, in contrast, instead, nevertheless, nonetheless, on the contrary, on the one hand . . . on the other hand, still, yet

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  • To show examples: even, for example, for instance, indeed, in fact, of course, such as

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  • To show place or position: above, adjacent to, below, beyond, elsewhere, here, inside, near, outside, there

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  • To show sequence: again, also, and, and then, besides, finally, furthermore, last, moreover, next, too

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  • To show time: after, as soon as, at first, at the same time, before, eventually, finally, immediately, later, meanwhile, next, simultaneously, so far, soon, then, thereafter

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  • To signal a summary or conclusion: as a result, as we have seen, finally, in a word, in any event, in brief, in conclusion, in other words, in short, in the end, in the final analysis, on the whole, therefore, thus, to summarize

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