Europe ca. 1300
The idea of Europe as "the West" (relative to an Asian "East") did not develop until the later Middle Ages, though it included territory that stretched from England (2a) to Russia (2e). This map depicts the extent of Europe at about this time (ca. 1300), and it indicates the spread of Christendom from the seventh to the fifteenth centuries through both military conquest and also population migration. Notice how far reaching the Crusades were, which sought to take Christendom into the Middle East and which saw non-Christian (i.e., Islamic) belief as the "enemy."