Louis MacNeice, "Neutrality"

Louis MacNeice (1907–1963) was born in 1907 to the Anglican Rector of Carrickfergus (a small town north of Belfast), who later became a bishop. He was educated at Marlborough College and Merton College, Oxford, and became a lecturer in Classics first at Birmingham University and later at Bedford College, London, and Cornell University. A friend and collaborator of W. H. Auden and Stephen Spender, he was categorized with them as a "Pylon" or "Thirties" poet, although his work transcends both of these categories. A critic, translator, and playwright as well as poet, MacNeice was a pioneer of radio drama, and after travels in Iceland, Spain, and America, joined the BBC (British Broadcasting Company) in 1940. He remained with the company until his death in 1963. His poetry collections include Blind Fireworks (1929), Poems (1935), The Earth Compels (1938), I Crossed the Minch (1938), Autumn Journal (1938), The Last Ditch (1940), Selected Poems (1940), Plant and Phantom (1941), Collected Poems 1925–40 (1941), Springboard: Poems 1941–44 (1944), Holes in the Sky: Poems 1944–47 (1948), Collected Poems 1925–48 (1949), Ten Burnt Offerings (1952), Autumn Sequel (1954), Visitations (1957), Eighty-Five Poems (1961), Solstices (1961), The Burning Perch (1963), and Collected Poems (1965).



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