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125th Street in 1935

125th Street in 1935

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125th Street in 1935.

Al Jolson

Al Jolson

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In this still from The Jazz Singer, entertainer Al Jolson performs in blackface.

Arthur A. Schomburg

Arthur A. Schomburg

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Bessie Smith

Bessie Smith

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A newspaper advertisement from the Chicago Defender (May 3, 1924), p. 6, for the first concert appearance of Bessie Smith (1894-1937) in Chicago.

Claude McKay

Claude McKay

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"Colored" drinking fountain

"Colored" drinking fountain

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Photograph of a man drinking from a "colored" drinking fountain, 1939.

Countee Cullen

Countee Cullen

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Duke Ellington

Duke Ellington

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In a still from the 1929 film Black and Tan, Duke Ellington (1899-1974) and his Orchestra accompany dancers from the Cotton Club in Harlem.

Harlem Hellfighters

Harlem Hellfighters

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The all-black 369th Infantry Regiment, known as the "Harlem Hellfighters," returns in triumph to New York in 1919, marching by enormous crowds at Lenox Avenue and 135th Street.

Jean Toomer

Jean Toomer

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Jessie Redmon Fauset

Jessie Redmon Fauset

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Ku Klux Klan Parade

Ku Klux Klan Parade

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The Ku Klux Klan parades down Pennsylvania Ave, Washington, D.C., 1928.

Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes

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Macbeth

Macbeth

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Photograph of actors dueling in the Negro Theatre Unit᾿s production of Macbeth, ca. 1935.

Marcus Garvey

Marcus Garvey

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Reverend J. C. Austin and Marcus Garvey, 1922.

Marcus Garvey

Marcus Garvey

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Marian Anderson, singing

Marian Anderson, singing

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Photograph of Marian Anderson singing at the Lincoln Memorial, 1939.

Minstrel Show

Minstrel Show

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WPA Federal Theater Project Minstrel in New York, ca. 1935.

Nella Larsen

Nella Larsen

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Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life

Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life

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A drawing by Gwendolyn Bennett published on the cover of Opportunity (July 1926).

Paul Robeson

Paul Robeson

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Picking Cotton

Picking Cotton

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Day Laborers picking cotton near Clarksdale, Mississippi, 1939.

Protest Parade

Protest Parade

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Protest Parade, 1924, photo by James VanDerZee (1886-1983), who opened his first portrait studio in Harlem in 1917 and was the pre-eminent black photographer of the period.

PWA Housing Projects for Negroes

PWA Housing Projects for Negroes

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Photograph of children playing at PWA housing projects for African-Americans in Omaha, Nebraska.

Rene Maran

Rene Maran

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A painting of René Maran by Albert Smith that appeared on the cover of The Crisis (May 1922). A regular contributor of etchings and drawings to Harlem Renaissance periodicals, Albert Alexander Smith (1896-1940) spent most of the period living in Paris, where he worked professionally as a musician and singer as well as a commercial printmaker and illustrator.

Richard Bruce Nugent, Drawings for Mulattoes

Richard Bruce Nugent, Drawings for Mulattoes

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Richard Bruce Nugent, Drawings for Mulattoes—Number 2, an illustration for the anthology Ebony and Topaz, ed. Charles S. Johnson

Street-corner orator

Street-corner orator

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An unidentified street-corner orator, 1938, photograph by Morgan (1910-1993) and Marvin (1940-2003) Smith.

Tenant farmer

Tenant farmer

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Photograph of an African American tenant farmer in 1939.

"The Birth of a Nation"

"The Birth of a Nation"

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Advertisement for D.W. Griffith᾿s "The Birth of a Nation" in sound, 1936.

The Cotton Club in Harlem

The Cotton Club in Harlem

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The front of the Cotton Club in Harlem, ca. 1920s-1940s.

The Crisis

The Crisis

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Aaron Douglas, The Young Blood Hungers, cover illustration for The Crisis (May 1928)

Zora Neale Hurston

Zora Neale Hurston

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Zora Neale Hurston in Chicago, 1934, photographed by Carl Van.