African Methodist Episcopal Church
(AME) Founded at Philadelphia in 1816 by Richard Allen (1760–1831) and Absalom Jones (1746–1818); one of the first fully independent African American denominations in the United States.
Afrocentrism/ Afrocentricity
Scholarly and academic movement developed chiefly by Molefi Asante and based on the concept of Africa as the first center of civilization and culture. Proponents approach data from the standpoint of Africa as the central subject and from the standpoint of the African as human agent.
African American strategies to overcome racial and social classification by means of technology and futuristic mythology.
Pertinent especially to ex-slaves' narratives of bondage in antebellum and postbellum United States. An amanuensis was a person who produced written accounts of orally narrated stories of black life in slavery. Some amanuenses completely reconstructed the life story of a formerly enslaved person; most proclaimed the resulting narrative to be a faithful depiction of the black narrator's story.
Novelist Leon Forrest describes angularity as "the way things have a spiraling effect. . . . The fact that one person develops a kind of talk in one way and then another in another way, orchestrates an angular involvement in talk and speech patterns".
Anointing / spirit possession
In African American churches that feature exuberant and energetic worship service, worshippers may describe themselves as feeling the presence of the Holy Spirit or experiencing divine or sacred power through the practice of praise and prayer, song and sermon.
Antebellum (era)
Typically refers to the pre-Civil War years, 1781–1861 in U.S. history.
Art and expressive media
Cultural and ethnic forms used to define and articulate African American identity, i.e., writing, music, painting, sculpture, photography, sewing, quilt making, wood carving, basketry, yard decoration, metalworking, and jewelry making.