Chapter Learning Objectives

  • Understand the broad trends in U.S. immigration patterns and the policy developments that have shaped them.
  • Understand how immigration inflows affect the labor-market outcomes of native workers.
  • Recognize some of the statistical pitfalls that hinder the attempts by economists to measure the effects of immigrant inflows on wages and employment levels.
  • Understand why the cross-sectional evidence that suggests that immigrants assimilate into the U.S. labor market may be a statistical artifact.
  • Grasp why the policy options available for controlling the inflow of illegal immigrants have very distinct labor-market consequences.
  • Define outsourcing and explain how it affects the U.S. labor market.