Chapter Learning Objectives

Homo habilis: The First Species of the Genus Homo

  • Explain how H. habilis differs from the australopithecines.
  • Define the species H. rudolfensis.
  • Explain the relationship between tool use and increased intelligence in both H. habilis and H. erectus.
  • Describe the shifts in habitat and landscape and discuss how early Homo coped with these changes.

Homo erectus: Early Homo Goes Global

  • Create a time line for the discovery of important Homo erectus fossils.
  • Describe the anatomical features of Nariokotome boy. Explain why this particular skeleton is pivotal in our understanding of H. erectus growth and development.
  • Find on a map the countries that have produced H. erectus fossils. Trace the likely path that H. erectus took out of Africa.
  • Discuss how tool use and the ability to control fire contributed to the evolution of H. erectus.