Chapter Learning Objectives

Primate Societies: Diverse, Complex, Long-Lasting

  • Explain what it means when primatologists say that primate societies are diverse.
  • Explain how primate social behavior is related to fitness and natural selection.
  • Describe the differences between males and females in terms of reproductive strategy, social behavior, and body shape.
  • Define the six main primate residence patterns.
  • Explain why primates cooperate. Provide at least one specific example of this behavior.

Getting Food: Everybody Needs It, but the Burden Is on Mom

  • Define the key factors that affect a primate female’s success at obtaining food.
  • Describe the current information about the mother/infant bond.

Acquiring Resources and Transmitting Knowledge: Got Culture?

  • Provide examples of activities and objects that primatologists believe constitute primate tool use.

Vocal Communication Is Fundamental Behavior in Primate Societies

  • Describe how primatologists have studied and “translated” primates’ calls.
  • Explain the situations in which primates make audible calls.
  • Provide at least one example of a primate gesture.