Chapter Learning Objectives

What Is a Primate?

  • List the three main primate tendencies defined by Le Gros Clark.
  • Describe the physical adaptations that all primates share.
  • Explain how the skeletons of monkeys, apes, and humans differ.
  • Understand the variations in primate teeth and the reasons for these variations.
  • Explain how parental investment and brain size are related in primates.

What Are the Kinds of Primates?

  • Compare and contrast the two suborders of primates (prosimians and anthropoids) in terms of body form, body size, and dental morphology.
  • Understand the issues involved with taxonomic classification of living primates.
  • Explain the differences between New World monkeys and Old World monkeys.
  • Discuss why Miss Waldron’s red colobus is extinct or nearly extinct. Brainstorm ways to prevent other species of primates from becoming endangered.
  • Describe the skeletal differences between primates that are quadrupedal, bipedal, and suspensory.