Chapter Learning Objectives

The Theory of Evolution: The Context for Darwin

  • List the five major scientific disciplines from which Darwin drew to create his theory of evolution. Explain the principles in each discipline that contributed to Darwin’s ideas.
  • Discuss the concept of Linnaean taxonomy and humans’ place in it.
  • Explain the ideas of Lamarck and Malthus as they relate to Darwin’s concept of evolution.

The Theory of Evolution: Darwin’s Contribution

  • Explain Darwin’s main contribution(s) to the theory of evolution.

Since Darwin: Mechanisms of Inheritance, the Evolutionary Synthesis, and the Discovery of DNA

  • Define the concept of Mendelian inheritance and explain its role in the evolutionary synthesis.
  • Define the four forces of evolution and provide examples for each.
  • Explain how the discovery of DNA revolutionized the understanding of evolution.