Chapter Learning Objectives

What Is Anthropology?

  • Explain the differences and similarities among the four branches of anthropology.
  • Understand the importance of the biocultural approach to anthropological inquiry.

What Is Physical Anthropology?

  • Understand the general history of American anthropology as founded by Franz Boas.
  • Identify several different research areas in physical anthropology.
  • Explain what it means to say that physical anthropologists practice an interdisciplinary science.

What Is So Different about Humans as Compared to Other Animals?

  • Identify the six major attributes that separate humans from animals, and understand their importance for what it means to be human.

How We Know What We Know: The Scientific Method

  • Explain the steps involved in “doing science” (i.e., the scientific method).
  • Distinguish between hypotheses and theories.