Chapter Outline

Characterizing Intergroup Bias

  • Modern Racism
  • Benevolent Racism and Sexism
  • Measuring Attitudes about Groups

The Economic Perspective

  • Realistic Group Conflict Theory
  • The Robbers Cave Experiment
  • Evaluating the Economic Perspective

The Motivational Perspective

  • The Minimal Group Paradigm
  • Social Identity Theory
  • Frustration-Aggression Theory
  • Evaluating the Motivational Perspective

The Cognitive Perspective

  • Stereotypes and the Conservation of Mental Reserves
  • Construal Processes and Biased Assessments
  • Explaining Away Exceptions
  • Automatic and Controlled Processing
  • Evaluating the Cognitive Perspective

Being a Member of a Stigmatized Group

  • Attributional Ambiguity
  • Stereotype Threat
  • Self-Fulfilling Prophecies

Reducing Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination