Critical Thinking Questions

Discuss and provide research evidence for five reasons that attitudes sometimes fail to predict behavior.
Define cognitive dissonance theory and provide a detailed description of an experiment that illustrates the theory. Discuss the types of situations that might lead to dissonance-induced attitude change, and discuss the conditions that increase the probability of experiencing dissonance. What alternative route to dissonance-reduction is suggested by self-affirmation theory?
Define self-perception theory and explain how this theory challenged cognitive dissonance theory. How did researchers resolve the controversy and what is the resolution?
4. Explain system justification theory. What conflicting information prompts the need for such justification? What are some specific examples of system justification?
5. What causes the "terror" in terror management theory. Discuss three ways in which people defend themselves against such terror and provide empirical evidence for each.

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