Critical Thinking Questions

1. Define the term "attribution" and explain why social psychologists view attribution as so important.
2.
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Explain the three kinds of information people use to make an attribution when employing the covariation principle. What is counterfactual thinking and how does it influence attributions?
3.
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Describe the self-serving bias, the fundamental attribution error, and actor-observer differences, and for each, explain why they occur. Provide empirical studies to support those explanations where possible.
4.
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In what ways do the typical attributions of people from collectivistic cultures differ from those of people from individualistic cultures? Why do these differences exist? Provide empirical evidence supporting your explanations.
5.
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Besides determining whether an action is caused by a person’s disposition or the situation, what other types of information might people seek when they engage in causal attribution?

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