Chapter Outline

  1. Political Expansion and Cultural Diffusion
  2. The Emergence of a Cosmopolitan World
    1. Conquests of Alexander the Great
    2. Alexander’s Successors and the Territorial Kingdoms
      1. Clash of Empires: The Battle of Gaugamela
    3. Hellenistic Culture
      1. The Cosmopolitan City of Alexandria
    4. Jewish Resistance to Hellenism
    5. The Hellenistic World and the Beginnings of the Roman Empire
    6. Carthage
    7. Economic Changes: Plantation Slavery and Money-Based Economies
  3. Converging Influences in Central and South Asia
    1. Influences from the Mauryan Empire
    2. The Seleucid Empire and Greek Influences
      1. As´oka’s Kalinga Edict
    3. The Kingdom of Bactria and the Yavana Kings
    4. Nomadic Influences of Parthians and Kushans
  4. The Transformation of Buddhism
    1. India as a Spiritual Crossroads
    2. The New Buddhism: The Mahayana School
      1. Sâgala: The City of the Gods
      2. The Cosmopolitan World of the Periplus Maris Erythraei
    3. Cultural Integration
  5. The Formation of the Silk Road
    1. A New Middle Ground
    2. Nomads, Frontiers, and Trade Routes
    3. Early Overland Trade and Caravan Cities
    4. The Western End of the Silk Road: Palmyra
      1. The Caravan City of Petra
    5. Reaching China along the Silk Road
    6. The Spread of Buddhism along the Trade Routes
  6. Taking to the Seas: Commerce on the Red Sea and Indian Ocean
  7. Conclusion
  8. Tracing the Global Storylines