Chapter Outline

  1. Forces of Upheaval and the Rise of Early Empires
    1. Pack Camels
    2. New Ships
    3. Iron
  2. The Environmental Crisis in Southwest Asia and Greece
  3. The Neo-Assyrian Empire
    1. Expansion into an Empire
    2. Integration and Control of the Empire
      1. The Banquet Stele of Assurnasirpal II
    3. Assyrian Social Structure and Population
    4. The Instability of the Assyrian Empire
  4. The Persian Empire
    1. The Integration of a Multicultural Empire
      1. Beisitun Inscription
    2. Zoroastrianism, Ideology, and Social Structure
    3. Public Works and Imperial Identity
  5. Imperial Fringes in Western Afro-Eurasia
    1. Migrations and Upheaval
    2. Persia and the Greeks
      1. War in Homer’s Iliad
    3. The Phoenicians
    4. The Israelites and Judah
  6. Foundations of Vedic Culture in South Asia (1500–600 BCE)
    1. Social and Religious Culture
    2. Material Culture
    3. Splintered States
    4. Varna in a Stratified Society
    5. Vedic Worlds
      1. Becoming a Brahman Priest
  7. The Early Zhou Empire in East Asia (1045–771 BCE)
    1. Integration through Dynastic Institutions
    2. Zhou Succession and Political Foundations
      1. Zhou Succession Story
    3. The Zhou “Mandate of Heaven” and the Justification of Power
    4. Social and Economic Transformation
    5. Occupational Groups and Family Structures
      1. City-States to Empires: Growth in Scale: Mesopotamia
    6. Limits and Decline of Zhou Power
  8. Conclusion
  9. Tracing the Global Storylines