Chapter Outline

  1. Precursors to Modern Humans
    1. Creation Myths and Beliefs
    2. Evolutionary Findings and Research Methods
      1. A Hindu Creation Myth
    3. Early Hominids and Adaptation
    4. Homo Habilis and the Debate over Who the First Humans Were
    5. Early Humans on the Move: Migrations of Homo Erectus
    6. The Age of the Universe and Human Evolution
      1. The Age of the Universe and Human Evolution
  2. The First Modern Humans
    1. Homo Sapiens’s Precarious Beginnings and Their Migration
    2. Cro-Magnon Homo Sapiens Replace Neanderthals
    3. Early Homo Sapiens as Hunters and Gatherers
      1. Problems in the Study of Hunters and Gatherers
  3. Art and Language
    1. Art
      1. The Art of Chauvet Cave
    2. Language
  4. The Beginnings of Food Production
    1. Early Domestication of Plants and Animals
    2. Pastoralists and Agriculturalists
  5. Emergence of Agriculture
    1. Southwest Asia: The Agricultural Revolution Begins
    2. East Asia: Rice and Water
    3. Europe: Borrowing along Two Pathways
    4. The Americas: A Slower Transition to Agriculture
    5. Africa: The Race with the Sahara
  6. Revolutions in Social Organization
    1. A Mesoamerican Creation Myth
    2. Settlement in Villages
    3. Men, Women, and Evolving Gender Relations
  7. Conclusion
    1. Mothering and Lactation
  8. Tracing the Global Storylines