Review Questions

1. The Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union began as the Second World War ended. How did these two nations seek to influence the postwar political order in Europe?
2. Postwar economic growth was accompanied by greater economic integration among Western European nations. What were the goals of those who sought to create the unified European market and which nations played key roles in its development?
3. Between the late 1940s and the mid-1960s almost all the European colonies in Asia and Africa demanded and received their independence, either peacefully or through armed conflict. What combination of events made Europeans less able to defend their colonial empires against the claims of nationalists who sought independence from Europe?
4. Decolonization and the Cold War reinforced a sense that Europe’s place in the world needed to be rethought. How did intellectuals, writers, and artists react to the loss of European influence in the world?

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