Review Questions

1. The second industrial revolution was made possible by technological innovations that stimulated the production of steel and new energy sources. What were the consequences of this era of rapid growth for the economy and for European society?
2. Expanded electorates meant that more people were participating in politics, especially among the working classes. What parties and movements emerged to represent European workers and what were their goals?
3. At the end of the nineteenth century, militant agitation in favor of women’s suffrage increased. What obstacles faced women who demanded the vote?
4. Liberalism and nationalism were changed by the advent of mass politics. How did the expansion of the electorate change political life across Europe?
5. Technological innovations and scientific ideas about human nature and modern society changed the way that people thought about their place in the world, stimulating artists and writers to new and revolutionary forms of creative expression. What were these scientific ideas and why were they so controversial at the end of the nineteenth century?

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