Review Questions

1. The Industrial Revolution in Europe began in northern Great Britain. What circumstances made this process of economic development begin there?
2. Certain industries were particularly suitable for the kinds of technological developments that encouraged industrialization. What were these industries and where did they exist in Europe?
3. Industrial development changed the nature of work and production in significant ways. What were these changes, and how did they change the relations between laborers and their employers, or local producers and wider markets?
4. Industrialization had social effects far beyond the factories. What larger changes in European society were associated with the Industrial Revolution?
5. A large and diverse group of middle-class people emerged in Europe as a result of the social changes brought on by industrialization. What kinds of people qualified as middleclass during the nineteenth century and how were they different from other social groups?

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