Research Topics

The Reformation of Faith and Church

The figure of Martin Luther dominates the Reformation. But why did people decide to follow Luther? Did Luther set out to reform the Church or break away and set up his own rival church?

There is little doubt that the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century torn apart the religious unity of early modern Europe. From that point forward, all Europeans were forced to make a choice -- would they remain a Catholic or follow Luther, Calvin and other reformers? The Church met the Lutheran challenge by embracing some of the criticisms of the Christian humanists and ultimately, reforming itself. What role did the Council of Trent have in establishing the role of the Church in the 16th and 17th centuries?