Interactive flashcards help students review their knowledge of approximately 200 terms.

laughing comedy
term championed by Oliver Goldsmith (1730-1774), who suggested that the popular sentimental comedies of eighteenth-century England were a lesser form of drama. Goldsmith endorsed a more traditional conception of comedy in his Essay on the Theatre by stating that "comedy should excite our laughter by ridiculously exhibiting the follies of the lower part of mankind." richard brinsley sheridan was one of the leading proponents of laughing comedy.
lazzi (singular lazzo )
comic bits of action and dialogue performed by stock characters in commedia dell'arte . These moments were most likely performed multiple times by the same actor in various performances, though they were intended to appear improvised.
the dominant recurrent element in an artistic work, generally tied to the theme or overall idea of the piece as a whole. The term also refers to the melodic passage or phrase in opera that is associated with a specific character, event, or symbol.
linear plot
a traditional plot sequence in which the incidents in the drama progress chronologically; that is, all of the events build upon one another and there are no jumps from the present to the past. The Greeks and neoclassicists adopted this structure as the template for creating effective tragedy. Racine's phaedra has a linear plot.
Little Theater Movement
an early-twentieth-century movement in the United States that sought to emulate the European alternative theater movement to develop and support experimental and new work without the financial and creative constraints of the commercial theater. This model allowed artists to produce their work in smaller theaters across the country. Perhaps the most famous participants in the movement were eugene o'neill and susan glaspell , who developed their work with the Provincetown Players on Cape Cod and in New York.
liturgical drama
a form of medieval European drama that sprang from the elaboration of liturgy, or the act of public worship found in the Latin Mass. As early as 925 c.e. , antiphonal tropes , or musical passages that incorporated the imitation of religious figures in a call-and-response dialogue, served as interpolations in religious services. These tropes, credited as the first mimetic performances in the church, were initially part of Easter Mass, and then were added to services held on other holy days; they also became more dramaturgically complex over time. Typically, liturgical plays explore the mysteries and miracles depicted in the Bible and in the lives of saints.
in seventeenth-century French theaters, the division of galleries that created boxes for audience members to sit.
low (physical) comedy
humorous plays that employ burlesque , horseplay, or the representation of unrefined life. ( See high (verbal) comedy.)
Ludi Romani
a Roman religious festival, established in the sixth century b.c.e., that was given in honor of the god Jupiter. At its inception, Ludi Romani included various types of performances such as chariot races, prizefighting, dance, and farce; later, in the mid-third century b.c.e. , performances of comedies and tragedies were added to the festival.