Interactive flashcards help students review their knowledge of approximately 200 terms.

TermsFlashcards
G - H
Gesamtkunstwerk
literally, "total work of art" (German), a term coined by Richard Wagner (1813-1883) in his essay Art and Revolution , which describes his interest in the integration of dramatic literature, music, theatrical performance, and visual elements such as set and lighting design into a new and complete synthesis.
gigaku
a form of Japanese theater introduced from China via Korea in the seventh and eighth centuries that can best be described as a Buddhist dance play. At the start of gigaku plays, masked figures moved in procession and then performed a number of comic scenes. Performances generally incorporated music and a number of stock characters.
Golden Age of Spain
a period of time during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries that saw the expansion of Spanish global power, rivaling that of Elizabethan England, while Spanish dramatic arts and literature achieved new levels of excellence.
green room
the offstage location in the theater where actors wait before they appear onstage. ( See wings.)
groundlings
an expression used during the English Elizabethan age to describe theater audience members who paid a penny to stand around the three sides of the stage in the area called the "yard."
guerilla theater
a form of theater popularized in the United States during the 1960s that sought to confront spectators with brief, unscheduled, and often provocative performances in public spaces. Performers were interested in breaking traditional social barriers in order to convey their political messages.
hamartia
the Greek term used by Aristotle to describe a character's intellectual error or mistaken assumption that prompts the tragic outcome of his or her actions. Often described as the "tragic flaw" or self-destructive force that triggers the downfall of a socially elevated figure.
Harlem Renaissance
a movement centered on Harlem, New York, during the 1920s and '30s, marked by a proliferation of artistic achievement by African Americans in literature and the arts. The work produced during this time explores and illuminates the black experience in America. langston hughes and Zora Neal Hurston (1891-1960) are two of the most famous writers associated with the period.
hero/heroine
the leading male/female character in a play, often larger than life, sometimes almost godlike. ( See antihero , and protagonist)
high (verbal) comedy
humorous plays that employ subtlety, wit, or the representation of refined life. ( See low (physical) comedy.)
history play
a play that deals with characters, events, and subjects taken from history. shakespeare wrote a number of plays about English history, including Richard II ; Richard III ; and Henry IV , Parts 1 and 2.
histriones
the Latin term for actor. In Roman theater, histriones were typically male, and could perform in both tragedies and comedies. Unlike Greek dramatists who often doubled as both playwright and performer, histriones were professional performers.
hubris
the tragic flaw of pride or arrogance that can lead a hero to disregard accepted moral codes or warnings from the gods, prompting his or her own downfall.
humors comedy
a genre of comedy popularized by ben jonson that drew upon the classical medical theory that an individual's temperament or psychological disposition was determined by the balance (or imbalance) or four bodily fluids (known as "humors"): black bile, phlegm, blood, and choler, or yellow bile. Characters in humors comedies are motivated by their predominant humors. A choleric (or easily angered) personality, for instance, was one reflecting a predominance of yellow bile.
hypokrites
the Greek word for actor; literally, "the answerer."