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In 2003 the Michael C. Carlos Museum at Emory University, Atlanta, returned an ancient mummy to the Egyptian nation. The Emory Museum had purchased the mummy in 1999 from a businessman who had bought it from the Niagara Falls Museum in Ontario, Canada.

The Canadian museum probably acquired the mummy in the 1860s from a doctor who illegally smuggled it and other artifacts out of Egypt. There is reason to believe that the returned body is that of Ramses I, the pharaoh who founded Egypt's powerful 19th Dynasty. None of the other mummies that Emory University owns were returned.

Using your textbook and some Google searching, investigate the following questions about the homecoming of the possible Ramses I. (Remember that Ramses I can also be spelled as Ramesses I or Rameses I, and that he should not be confused with his grandson, Ramses II "The Great").


What scientific tests can be used on a body to help determine its identity?


Which of these tests were used on this mummy. Did they prove that he was indeed Ramses I?


What additional, non-scientific evidence supports the theory that this mummy was once a member of the royal family or even a king?


If the mummy had not been found by looters and smuggled out of Egypt in the nineteenth century, would we know its identity for certain


The body of the possible Ramses I is on display at the Luxor Museum. Indeed, at least until the unfortunate museum break-in that took place during Egypt's "Arab Spring" in 2011, all of the royal mummies in Egypt were on display. Do you believe that these mummies should be on display? Give reasons for your opinion.

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