Learning Objectives

  1. Define and contrast the three major hypotheses for the origin of primates.

  2. Describe the characteristics of plesiadapiforms and explain why they are likely not related to higher primates.

  3. Compare the euprimates with the plesiadapiforms in terms of skeletal anatomy.

  4. Explain the differences between omomyids and adapids.

  5. Explain the characteristics of basal anthropoids.

  6. Discuss whether Africa or Asia is the ancestral home of higher primates.

  7. Describe the environment in which early anthropoids existed.

  8. Compare the three groups of primitive higher primates found in the Fayum.

  9. Explain at least one of the theories for how anthropoids came to South America.

  10. Describe the available fossil evidence for primates in the Miocene.

  11. Visualize the geographical spread of Miocene apes.

  12. Compare the dryopithecids and the sivapithecids in anatomy and geographical distribution.

  13. Describe the climate and habitat changes that occurred in the Miocene and how these affected apes.

  14. Explain the importance of apes moving back to Africa.

  15. Describe the diversity of monkey species and their geographical spread.