Learning Objectives

  1. Explain what it means when primatologists say that primate societies are diverse.

  2. Explain how primate social behavior is related to fitness and natural selection.

  3. Describe the differences between males and females in terms of reproductive strategy, social behavior, and body shape.

  4. Define the six main primate residence patterns.

  5. Explain why primates cooperate and provide at least one specific example of this behavior.

  6. Define the key factors that affect a primate female’s success at obtaining food.

  7. Describe the current information about the mother/infant bond.

  8. Provide examples of activities and objects that primatologists believe constitute primate tool use.

  9. Describe how primatologists have studied and “translated” primates’ calls.

  10. Explain the situations in which primates make audible calls.

  11. Provide at least one example of a primate gesture.