Learning Objectives

  1. List the three main primate tendencies defined by Le Gros Clark.

  2. Describe the physical adaptations that all primates share.

  3. Explain how the skeletons of monkeys, apes, and humans differ.

  4. Understand the variation in primate teeth and the reasons for this variation.

  5. Explain how parental investment and brain size are related in primates.

  6. Compare and contrast the two suborders of primates (prosimians and anthropoids) in terms of body form, body size, and dental morphology.

  7. Understand the issues involved with taxonomic classification of living primates.

  8. Explain the differences between New World monkeys and Old World monkeys.

  9. Discuss why Miss Waldron’s red colobus is extinct or nearly extinct, and brainstorm ways to prevent other species of primates from becoming endangered.

  10. Describe the skeletal differences between primates that are quadrupedal, bipedal, and suspensory.