Learning Objectives

  1. Describe the characteristics of a species.

  2. Understand the difference between microevolution and macroevolution.

  3. Explain the Hardy-Weinberg law of equilibrium.

  4. Solve a simple Hardy-Weinberg equation to calculate genotype frequencies.

  5. Define the different types of mutations.

  6. Describe some common mutations in humans and/or animals.

  7. Compare the three patterns of natural selection and provide examples for each.

  8. Explain how the case of the peppered moth illustrates natural selection.

  9. Explain how abnormal hemoglobin and endemic malaria illustrate natural selection in humans.

  10. Define genetic drift and founder effect and provide real-world examples of each.

  11. Explain how gene flow contributes to genetic diversity.