Learning Objectives

  1. Describe and/or draw the major parts of a cell and the function of the organelles.

  2. Explain the difference between the two types of eukaryotic cells.

  3. Explain what mtDNA is and why it is important in research about both modern and ancient humans.

  4. Identify the four nitrogen bases of DNA and explain how they combine.

  5. Explain how DNA reproduces itself.

  6. Define the goals and accomplishments of the Human Genome Project.

  7. Describe the human karyotype.

  8. Describe and/or draw the process of mitosis.

  9. Describe and/or draw the process of meiosis.

  10. Define Mendel’s Law of Segregation and Law of Independent Assortment and explain their importance to the study of genetics.

  11. Identify the seven major types of proteins in the human body and provide examples that illustrate their functions.

  12. Describe the process of protein synthesis and the roles that DNA and RNA play.

  13. Explain the importance of homeotic (Hox) genes and what effects a mutation in these genes could have.

  14. Explain the difference between phenotype and genotype.

  15. Identify several outwardly visible dominant and recessive traits in humans.

  16. Explain why the “one gene-one protein” model of genetics is not completely correct.